The ability for cybercriminals to attack targets outside their jurisdiction making policing extremely difficult, Increasing profitability and ease of commerce on the dark web. 17, Cyberspace is a venue for military activity. And identity theft isn’t the only goal, cyber-attacks may aim to compromise data integrity (destroy or change data) to breed distrust in an organization or government. There is now a situation where everything is interconnected. Protecting information and National Critical information infrastructure, building capability to prevent and respond to cyber threats, reduce vulnerabilities and damages from various cyber threats. Cybersecurity spends in India is rising rapidly because of the massive digitization movement, especially in payments, and the case of internet use on mobile. Also, cyber operations cannot be a standalone activity. Cyber spying is the act of engaging in an attack or series of attacks that let an unauthorized user or users view classified material. :India was one of the most cyber-targeted countries in the world in 2019 with over 50,000 cyber- attacks from china alone. Legal and policy regulation of cyber security in India: Amendment in 2008 was focussed on cyber security (2000 act was more to regulate e-commerce). The cyber economy, which includes multiple financial systems, has spawned cyber crime. to Battle cybersecurity threats in the strategic area such as air control,nuclear and space. America Is Losing the Cyber War. From UPSC perspective, the following things are important: Covid19 has accelerated digitisation in all spheres. Cyberwarfare is the use of digital attacks to attack a nation, causing comparable harm to actual warfare and or disrupting the vital computer systems. plans to setup Rs400 cr. Crisis management by promoting the use of state-of-art threat information sharing mechanisms, threat intel sharing etc. PAHAL (Pratyaksh Hanstantrit Labh) scheme, Cabinet approves 100% FDI in DTH services. He notes the importance of the cyberspace commons to trade and communication. State Governments should also be taken up operations for Cybersecurity. It has to be integrated with land, sea and air operations, as a part of information warfare. "publisher": { : Unsolicited message sent in bulk by email. Given the nature of cybercrime and how difficult it can be to detect, it is difficult to understand the direct and indirect costs of many security breaches. For these reasons, deterrence in cyber domain cannot operate in isolation. I mastered the art of clearing UPSC CSE Prelims and in the process devised an unbeatable strategy to ace Prelims which many students struggle to do, Laqshya 2021 / Laqshya 2021 Advance (Prelims), Quiz 2020: Prelims Power Play 24 December 2020, Is as vast as the human imagination and has no fixed shape. is a branch of digital forensic science pertaining to evidence found in computers and digital storage media. This is true of both the physical layer, which is comprised of terminal appliances, fiber-optic cables and radio frequency spectrum, as well of the information layer. Broadly classifying the threats on the basis o… Moreover, the evolution of newer technologies like Artificial Intelligence, Nanotechnology and among others will pose huge strategic, economic, social, political challenges and cultural challenges on India. But it is not the only target. NCIIPC divides critical setors in five sectors: (i) power and energy; (ii) banking, financial services and insurance (“BSFI”); (iii) ICTs; (iv) transportation and (v) e-governance and strategic public enterprises. It additionally noted that the next decade is bound to witness massive additional deployment of cyber offence capabilities by many nations. How to protect organization against cybercrime (general suggestions to private and public organization). One view is that the term "cyberwarfare" is a misnomer, since no offensive cyber actions to date could be described as "war". The national nodal agency for all measures to protect the nation’s critical information infrastructure. GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. If IAS is your destination, begin your journey with Santosh Sir. Cyber warfare by definition is the use of computer technology to disrupt activities of a state or organization. Research, Innovation and technological development (Ex- A Fund for Fund for cybersecurity R&D). Firstly, cyberspace is a digital medium and not a physical space. Cybercrime is a crime that involves a computer and a network. The three main components of any national strategy to counter cyber threats are defence, deterrence and exploitation. Criminal hackers can certainly cause data breaches and even financial loss. The proliferation of mobile devices and the Internet of Things. Hybrid warfare, as the name suggests, is a combination of different forms of warfare such as irregular warfare, conventional warfare, cyber warfare, information warfare, . Some experts claim that in today’s world, warfare has evolved in a way that allows the use of technology to create devastating results. The most visible are cybercrimes, cyber theft, cyber espionage, cyber intrusions etc. It exists in the form of bits and bytes – zeroes and ones (0’s and 1’s). Other factors driving the growth in cybercrime include: A lack of focus on cybersecurity can damage your business in range of ways including: All businesses, regardless of the size, must ensure all staff understand cybersecurity threats and how to mitigate them. With almost every domain being connected to a computer and the internet, cyber warfare poses a fundamental threat to people and institutions. If anything, consumers expect increasingly sophisticated cybersecurity measures as time goes on. India broadly has legal and institutional architecture for National Cyber Security Architecture. There is need of new tools; capacity building must be done in various departments and a mechanism in place to address these challenges. Storage of sensitive information on networks has given birth to cyber espionage against governments and cyber economic warfare against businesses. The article explains in-depth, all the concepts related to the news, relevant for the IAS Exam such as India’s Critical Information Infrastructure, Air Gapping, Institutes for Cyber Security in India, etc. It is important for a dedicated cyber agency to have significant autonomy. According to the Ninth Annual Cost of Cybercrime Study from Accenture and the Ponemon Institute, the average cost of cybercrime for an organization has increased by $1.4 million over the last year to $13.0 million and the average number of data breaches rose by 11 percent to 145. }, Information theft is the most expensive and fastest growing segment of cybercrime. "@type": "ImageObject", Looming challenges. Diluting of ‘Critical’ information infrastructure: Ex- Chattisgarh government few years back even included all government department website which didn’t even had critical impact on society. Cyber tools are slowly becoming a regular part of the arsenal of nations. Absence of sector specific guidelines and Standard Operting Procedures in case of cyber attack. This should include regular training and a framework to work with to that aims to reduce the risk of data leaks or data breaches. Lacks all stakeholder approach: NCIIPC under NTRO an intelligence agency leads to inter-departmental coordination issues. No Hadcopy is provided. • India secures a spot amongst the top 10 spam-sending countries in the world alongside USA • India was ranked among the top five countries to be affected by cybercrime, according to a 22 October report by online security firm ”Symantec Corp”. _12 Yet, would any national security scholar or practitioner dispute that at Along, with this cyber warfare has made the global politics complex affair as cyberspace is both weapon and war theatre. Because national governments see potential threats to the security of their citizens and to the stability of their regimes arising within cyberspace, they act to control both access and content. Data security and governance through a data centric approach. With an increasing global reliance on technology for everything from managing national electrical grids to ordering supplies for troops, cyberwar is a method of attack which many nations are vulnerable to. Cyberterrorism acts often aim to achieve political or ideological advantages by means of intimidation, fear and threat. Cyber attacks from nations can do mass of damage to a countries economy, military, infrastructure, and computer networks. Hence, to be ready for these challenges while adopting new technology this strategy is needed for a 5 trillion economy which is secure. I have the distinction of clearing all 6 UPSC CSE Prelims with huge margins. Cybercrime may threaten a person or a nation’s security and financial health. Cyberspace has four distinct components—Information, Physical Systems, Cognitive Actions, and People. "@type": "Organization", Cyber diplomacy to strengthen information sharing and exchange technology, National Cyber Security Coordination Centre (NCCC): For. Iranian cyber warfare was born out of their defensive needs versus the US and Israel after the Stuxnet virus. Such actions weaken the whole framework. FOR Example SHE Team of Telangana Government has been successful in protecting women from online harassment and cybercrimes. "@type": "NewsArticle", "image": "https://civils360.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/cybersecurity.jpg", ", This doesn’t mean the reputational damage of even a small data breach or other security event is not large. Educate all levels of your organization about the risks of social engineering and common social engineering scams like phishing emails and typosquatting, Invest in tools that limit information loss, monitor your third-party risk and fourth-party vendor risk and continuously scan for data exposure and leak credentials, Use technology to reduce costs like automatically sending out vendor assessment questionnaires as part of an overall cyber security risk assessment strategy. Nuclear deterrence works because there is clarity on the destructive potential. Encryption is a process that encodes a message or file so that it can be only be read by certain people. Read to know more about the types of cyberattacks in India, Indian cyber laws, and the need for cybersecurity. These attacks are often subtle, amounting to nothing more than an unnoticed bit of code or process running in the background of a mainframe or personal workstation, and the target is usually a corporate or government entity. "author": { The north-eastern region of India has been infested with insurgency for a very long time. This has to gather intelligence, evaluate targets and prepare cyber-attack plans. Gambling:In India are entitled to formulate laws for gambling activities. Internet infrastructure with focus on IT industry which contributed 181 billion dollars in 2019 though synergised R&D, stakeholder participation etc. Functions and Duties. Budgetary provision to provide for a separate demand for cyber security. It should put procedures in place to honestly report breaches. : Various Programs of government such as Bharat Net, Aadhaar, MyGov, etc Are prompting a large number of citizens, companies Government agencies to transact online. Information risk management has never been more important. Cyber warfare attacks can disable official websites and networks, disrupt or disable essential services, steal or alter classified data, and cripple financial systems. India ranks 3rd in terms of the highest number of internet users in the world after USA and China, the number has grown 6-fold between 2012-2017 with a compound annual growth rate of 44%. 1.Cyber threats can manifest in many ways. National Cyber Security Strategy (NCSS) 2020. "name": "civils360 IAS", Notably, cyber capabilities of an adversary is not all that apparent. 2015 MAINS The three main components of any national strategy to counter cyber threats are defence, deterrence and exploitation. The countries are witnessing growing cybercrime ranging from fraud calls to malwares that bring banking systems to a standstill. Cyber Emergency Response Team – India (CERT-In) for responding to computer security incident involving all sectors. Similar initiatives could be taken up by other states as well. Cyberwar is usually waged against government and military networks in order to disrupt, destroy, or deny their use. Information infrastructure includes computers, servers, storage devices, routers, and other equipments. Russia: It was also used by Russia against Ukraine in the 2014 annexation of Crimea. A cyber or cybersecurity threat is a malicious act that seeks to damage data, steal data, or disrupt digital life in general. India also accounted for over 5% of global threat detections. They can also manipulate electrical, magnetic, and optical impulses to perform complex arithmetic, memory, and logical functions. The Ministry of Home Affairs is implementing Cyber Crime Prevention against Women and Children scheme. Yet, few concerns remain: Way ahead for overall cyber security framework for India: Join OPTIMA 2020(MAINS) to get exclusive Mains Master Notes and Important questions and model answers for Mains 2020. These nations contribute […] Also, it is an imaginary location where the words of two parties meet in conversation. For UPSC … In fact, the entire cyberspace is a dynamic environment of 0’s and 1’s which changes every second. It has to be integrated with land, sea and air operations, as a part of information warfare. But India still suffers huge digital divide (rural vs urban, male vs female etc). Establishing state CERT-Ins to coordinate with the central CERT-In. IT act and Critical Information Infrastructure: An infrastructure is said to be ‘critical’ when any disruption to ot can cause soci-economic crisis with huge damage to society and polity. "mainEntityOfPage": { : It makes Indian citizens highly susceptible to cyber fraud, cyber theft, etc.. Digital signatures are like electronic “fingerprints.” In the form of a coded message, the digital signature securely associates a signer with a document in a recorded transaction. –> will check cyber-crime especially child porno and online abuse. : The process of manipulating documents or images for the intent of financial, social or political gain. Your email address will not be published. "@id": "https://civils360.com/2020/10/26/cyber-security-cyber-crime" Strengthening regulatory structure for secure cyberspace. "description": "Cyber security spends in india are rising rapidly because of the massive digitization movement,especially in payments,and the case of internet use on mobile. National Cyber Security Policy (NCSP), 2013: Creating a framework for cyber security. The biggest computer hackers in the world are America, China, Israel, United Kingdom, and Russia according to weforum.org. The need of NCSP was felt in context of dynamic growth in cyberspace and need to create a safety framework to prevent its misuse. The creation, capture, storage and processing of information is central to the domain. Discuss the potential threats of Cyber attack and the security framework to prevent it. }, Explainer: Russia’s potent cyber and information warfare capabilities The Kremlin has always denied Moscow’s involvement in cyber attacks against the West. 500000 skilled professionals in cyber security and research in security technology to align national cyber security with the indigenous technology. Capacity and skill building through national level overarching frameworks under NSDC. Defence Cyber Agency - India is one of the few countries which still do not have a dedicated cyber Command in its military. Global Security Index released by the ITU,India slipped to 47. :In India are entitled to formulate laws for gambling activities. It also seeks to bolster Decision support system particularly for defence, intelligence and security purposes. Industrial controls that manage power grids and other infrastructure can be disrupted or destroyed. Cybersecurity means securing cyberspace from attack and economic espionage. The lead agency to deal with this will have to be the defence services. Analyze the major reasons for the survival of armed insurgency in this region. Hence, to be ready for these challenges while adopting new technology this strategy is needed for a 5 trillion economy which is secure. To protect women and children who are more vulnerable, cyberbullying, child pornography,etc. Cyber security becomes a vital law of cyber law today. "name": "Civils360" "datePublished": "2020-10-26", Cybercriminals are becoming more sophisticated, changing what they target, how they affect organizations and their methods of attack for different security systems. :It is an act of intentionally insulting, defaming or offending another individual or a party through a virtual medium. Therefore, cyber deterrence and exploitation have become important, although they are complex and not completely understood now. It simply represents the interconnected space between computers, systems, and other networks. India amidst rising digitisation and cyber threats is seeking to create a secure cyberspace in India. They are always threatened today for breach and cyber attacks by state and non-state actors. It was felt even more so because of Edward Snowden-led leak which highlighted snooping by USA, which even included Indians. Insights into Editorial: Cybersecurity: What India needs to do Background: Cyber-attacks have grown in terms of sophistication and reach in the recent times. Its mandate is to scan internet traffic and communication metadata (which are little snippets of information hidden inside each communication) coming into the country to detect real-time cyber threats. Conformity compliance for global security standards and best practices. In 2017, the NCCC was developed. The danger cannot be countered by an intelligence agency like the. Global cyber insurance market is set to reach 22.4 billion dollars by 2024. Along, with this cyber warfare has made the global politics complex affair as cyberspace is both weapon and war theatre. "url": "https://civils360.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/loGO-1.png" It seeks to create a separate cadre of cyber security specialists from IT personnel because those who roll out IT infrastructure are generally unable to detect the flaws. The Iranians established ‘The Cyber Defense Command’ and since 2010 have proven other nations their intent to have the ability to attack through cyber warfare. Download cybersecurity notes PDF for UPSC GS-III preparation. There are three simple steps you can take you increase security and reduce risk of cybercrime: Companies should no longer be asking why is cybersecurity important, but how can I ensure my organization’s cybersecurity practices are sufficient to comply with GDPR and other regulation and to protect my business against sophisticated cyber-attacks. Cybersecurity spends in India is rising rapidly because of the massive digitization movement, especially in payments, and the case of internet use on mobile. In 2017, this platform was introduced for internet users to clean their computers and devices by wiping out viruses and malware. } Attacks can be motivated by greed or profit, and can be used in conjunction with a military operation or as an act of terrorism, The Indian Express’s ‘China is Watching‘ investigation has spotlighted an elaborate operation by a Shenzen-based technology company with links to the government in Beijing and the Chinese Communist Party, to keep tabs on a very large number of individuals and entities in India.The company, Zhenhua Data Information Technology Co. Limited, calls itself a pioneer in using big data for “hybrid warfare” and the “great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation”. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. A specialist solders a piece of wire to a mother board that will be attached to a computer to collect information on Sept. … It seeks to fill the gap between emerging needs of cyberspace and the National Cyber Security Policy,2013 (Ex- new technology challenges like AI, 5G,IoT etc). To protect information and information infrastructure in cyberspace, build capabilities to prevent and respond to cyber threats, reduce vulnerabilities and minimize damage from cyber incidents through a combination of institutional structures, people, processes, technology and cooperation. 2017 - Security Questions in UPSC Mains 1. This article covers the recent news on the cyberattack on the Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant in Tamil Nadu. 2. Cyber warfare has reached a new phase this year—at least in terms of public awareness of the nature of the threat. What do you understand by Cyber warfare? Read how I predicted most of GS Mains questions in CSE MAINS 2019. NCSP and Cyber Warfare must be permanent and continuously performing with permanent set ups and flexible recruitment and training rules, and as stated, function under the overarching management of the proposed command. Effective prevention, investigation and prosecution of cybercrime and enhancement of capabilities through legislative intervention. Radicalization of Indian Youth Govt. Under the IT Act, the government created National Critical Information Infrastructure Protection Centre (NCIIPC), an organization under the National Technical Research Organization (NTRO) to ensure protection of CII. It should have an expanded mandate on its own to erect a strong cyber arsenal. India’s vulnerabilities are only bound to grow exponentially. To build a secure and resilient cyberspace for citizens, businesses and Government. TOPIC: General Studies 2. Brand India to seek benefit out of India’s IT capacity. Here are some differences between cyberspace and the physical world: THE IMPORTANCE OF CYBERSPACE TO NATION SECURITY. 21st century, just as the maritime commons had been the most important strategic venue in the preceding centuries. Latest Current Affairs in about Defence Cyber Agency. National Cyber Security Policy should be amended according to the changing times and need. According to Defence White Paper 2009, Cyberspace is a virtual domain, different, to the physical domains of air, sea, land and space. } UPSC civil services mains exam is all about answer writing skills, to score good marks candidates should mention those keywords that are provided in the UPSC GS Syllabus to fetch high marks.. Cybersecurity framework Cyber Crime:. "headline": "Cybersecurity and Cyber Crime", 3. This is because unlike nuclear arsenal, there are no missiles to be counted. Cyberwar, also spelled cyber war, also called cyberwarfare or cyber warfare, war conducted in and from computers and the networks connecting them, waged by states or their proxies against other states. { It employed a host of different tactics like guerilla warfare, innovative use of technology and effective information campaigning. Cyber-security researchers have identified a total of at least 57 different ways in which cyber-attacks can have a negative impact on individuals, … Outline the cyber threats which India is vulnerable to and bring out the state of the country’s preparedness to deal with the same. In today’s world, Cyber warfare is a significant threat to a nation’s national security and interests. cyber warfare is going to become a regular part of the arsenal of nations; National strategy to counter cyber threats. Similar to the cyber terrorism, there is a heated debate regarding the existence and definition of cyberwarfare. : Sales of illegal articles such as narcotics drugs, weapons, wildlife,etc..is being facilitated by the internet. Standard development and creating awareness regarding same. Critical information infrastructure seeks to secure such infrastructure which if falls in wrong hand can create havoc (Ex- leakage of 2 lakh debit card info before few years or aadhar data leakage or Power grid based on smart architechture). What are the structures that need to be created? Protect and deliver advice that aims to reduce the vulnerabilities of critical information infrastructure, against cyber terrorism, cyber warfare and other threats. Cyber Space is interconnected of IT infrastructure such as the Internet, Telecom network, Computer systems, etc. Much of the value in cyberspace is stored not only in the code on servers, but also in the various patterns of interaction that take place via the exchange of code between servers. It was launched in 2018 with an aim to spread awareness about cybercrime and building capacity for safety measures for Chief Information Security Officers (CISOs) and frontline IT staff across all government departments. Required fields are marked *. Thus, India has started good to protect its CII. Besides these, identifying the time of the start of the attack and tracking the origins of the attack are also complex tasks. Facts/Keywords: 70 % increase in cases of cybercrimes in 2014 compared with 2013. This is a dynamic E-Book comprising the below UPSC Mains Model Questions as well as their answers written by GKToday team. 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Indian cyber Coordination centre ( NCCC ): for copy of the threat definition of cyberwarfare, website... Measures as time goes on firstly, cyberspace is both weapon and theatre! Successful in protecting women from online harassment and cybercrimes also used by Russia against Ukraine in world! Cybercrime ( General suggestions to private and public organization ) of capabilities through legislative intervention Mains Model Questions as.! Targeted cyber-attacks coming from adversarial nation states that carry out strategically planned and sophisticated cyber-attacks it also seeks bolster! The global politics complex affair as cyberspace is a heated debate regarding the definition of cyberwarfare % global! Been used to commit the crime and in many cases, it is an imaginary location the... The dynamic and virtual space that such networks of machine-clones create current events about defence cyber agency - India consciously... 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Information to the mark of clearing all 6 UPSC CSE Prelims with huge margins data security and governance making... Strategic area such as air control, nuclear and space nuclear arsenal, there is need of NCSP was even! Awareness of the attack are also complex tasks a larger threat than even Al Qaeda or terrorism for...

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