Death and Hardship on the Mormon Trail . The trail from Nauvoo, Illinois, to the Great Salt Lake Valley was approximately 1,300 miles long and would ultimately lead 70,000 Mormon pioneers to the West. Life on the Oregon Trail: Not Your Average Camping Trip. The first group of Saints left Nauvoo in the middle of the Winter. It took the group about three months and one week to make the trip from Winter Quarters, Nebraska to the Salt Lake Valley. In 1827, 21-year-old Joseph Smith announced that he had unearthed a set of golden plates, inscribed with the tenants of God’s true church. Mormon Bridge (Interstate 680) crosses into Omaha, Nebraska, where the 15,000-square foot Mormon Trail Visitor Center Historic Winter Quarters is located. But they often ended up being used to scatter Buffalo. Learn about the Mormon Trail at the California Trail Interpretive Center. The trail was also used by stagecoach lines, thousands of gold seekers heading to the California and Colorado gold fields, adventurers, missionaries, wealthy New Mexican families and emigrants. In 1866, just a year after the Civil War ended, an unprecedented period of railroad expansion began in the new state of Kansas. Church members were severely persecuted and driven from New York, Ohio, Missouri, and ultimately Illinois.After Joseph Smith's murder in 1844, the Latter Day Saints or Mormons abandoned their homes in Nauvoo, IL in fear that mobs would soon come to destroy them. Presently, much of the modern highway like the interstate 84 and interstate 80 follow the course and pass through towns that was established to serve the Oregon trail. Traveling west in a covered wagon was truly one bold, daring and extraordinary journey for the pioneers of the 1800s. The promise of a better life drove them onward mile after grueling mile. 4 John Shotwell And Trail Dangers. Seems like a lot to carry, pioneers had to take all this food but at least they didn’t have to carry it because it was put in the wagon. Like how much food they were going to eat in a day, or how much water they could drink. This journey for the Mormon immigrants began in 1846 in Nauvoo, Illinois and ended in Salt Lake City, Utah. - See 148 traveler reviews, 68 candid photos, and great deals for Omaha, NE, at Tripadvisor. They also had to plan. It was blazed by trappers and traders. Some Famous people went on the trail too like, Calamity Jane. Pioneers would even take chocolate for special occasions. Accidents and disease were just waiting around the corner, but a … It was also a two-way road. Oregon Trail - Oregon Trail - Missionaries, Mormons, and others: The first missionary group to the West left Independence in 1834. Brigham Young led the first mass migration over the Mormon Trail to the Great Salt Lake in 1847. The main branch of the trail across the Great Plains generally followed the same path as the Oregon and Mormon Trails but extended to California from various points in southern Wyoming and Idaho. It made me so mad," he said. All along the Mormon trail, and during the years that the pioneers traversed this great trek west, hundreds of Saints of all ages, especially the young and elderly, died from hunger, cold, sickness, disease, and exhaustion. What Life was Like as a Pioneer? Life on the Oregon Trail was not easy. By Deseret News Jul 24, 2014, 8:14pm MDT Ben Tullis, For the Deseret News ... almost 3,000 Saints had arrived in the valley. They largely followed the Platte River. More than just a search for the American dream, Chisholm hoped his walk on the Mormon Trail would finally subdue the religious beliefs he left behind long ago. Nobody knew what the weather was going to be like so they could not be prepared. Instead they met a Mormon freight wagon train led by Abraham Smoot, which was carrying goods to the Salt Lake valley, including a heavy steam engine Young had ordered. I thought it would be a good ending." The Trail Center's Merchantile Store is the place where you can select your supplies for your journey along the trail. The Mormon Trail is not an original trail, but followed existing territorial and Indian trails. They would need to make candles, cook food, try and make medicine, make quilts, make soap, and tanning skins. The Mormons, due to persecution and suffering, left Nauvoo in 1847. If evenly spaced along the length of the Oregon Trail, there would be a grave every 50 yards from Missouri to Oregon City. A pioneer’s typical outfit wasn’t terribly expensive; usually one or two small, sturdy farm wagons, six to 10 head of oxen, a milk cow or two. They had daily chores that they needed to get done. Used a ferry to cross the Mississippi River The river later froze and people were able to walk on the ice with their wagons. "It was closed. The story of the Mormon Trail is rooted in the beginnings of a unique American religion. Welsh Saints on the Mormon Trail is published by y Lolfa, costs £14.99 and can be bought here. The rescue wagons set out within days, traveling back along the trail to Fort Bridger and the Green River, expecting daily to encounter one or both of the companies. Two notable attacks were the Ward Massacre, where 19 people were killed, and the Utter-Van Ornum Massacre that took place over several months, leaving 16 out of the 44 members to survive. At one point the army took 45 days to rescue one of the surviving parties who had been forced to resort to cannibalism like the Donner Party. The Buffalo would graze in giant herds and would not move for oncoming wagons. Life on the Oregon Trail was both incredibly boring and extremely dangerous. Occasionally they would play games and toys. The trail followed the Missouri River before crossing the great plains of Nebraska along the Platte and North Platte Rivers to present-day Wyoming. For thousands of Mormons, the great pioneer trail along the north bank of the Platte which paralleled the river about a mile south of here was an avenue of escape from persecution and a roadway to a new life. It did end there, but not like he planned. Wil Aaron’s book will help change that. Mormon Trail Center at Historic Winter Quarters: What was it like to winter over in 1840's Nebraska? Spent the Winter slowly traveling across Iowa The men worked odd jobs here and there to earn money for the journey Set up a few communities, the most famous being Council Bluffs. Oregon California Trails Association. This 1 volume history of the Mormon trail was informative, entertaining, thoughtful, insightful, and told from a perspective that is neither anti-Mormon or purposefully faith promoting like so many other treatments of this subject seem to be. Plus all the necessary food, clothing and utensils needed for survival. The Oregon Trail’s legacy is still felt in the state of Oregon with several literary pieces being written about it. You must travel west as you take the role of a Mormon pioneer in the 1800's. The period 1843-1855 saw the heaviest traffic on the Oregon Trail. Like many others in the pioneer band, Brigham Young came down with "mountain fever." We hiked a section in Little Emigration Canyon in Utah. It’s also a part of Welsh history and tells of our interconnectedness with the wider world, a settlement story much like Y Wladfa in Patagonia, which is so much better known. It was a grand life but a tough one. For us, it’s easy. Life wasn't fun and games with the pioneers. Exhibits include films, a log cabin, a replica of the 1841 white-limestone temple in Nauvoo and artifacts such as an ingenious early odometer that accurately measured miles. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints or the Mormon Church was founded by a young man named Joseph Smith, Jr. in April 1830. Pioneers had to exercise extreme caution and a lot of bravado to cross the 2,170 mile stretch of land starting in Missouri and ending in Oregon. The Mormon Pioneer Trail technically runs for 1300 miles from Nauvoo, Illinois to Salt Lake City, Utah. The trail crossed parts of five states: Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska, Wyoming, and Utah. The Mormon pioneers often sent scout parties ahead to ensure there was no danger on the trail. The popular image is that most people either died an incredibly violent death or, thanks to The Oregon Trail, dysentery.. Pioneer life on the trail. Life and Death on the Oregon Trail: Provisions for Births and Lethal Circumstances. By 1843, when the first large wagon train was organized, a route existed across the continent from Independence, Missouri to the Pacific Ocean. 1 Countless stories have been told and recorded of the trials and tribulations of the Mormon pioneers. We can just go to the grocery store! It was an actual trail, mostly connected, created by Indians and trappers. We all know the story of the Oregon trail, with their constantly broken wagons, easily caught diseases, and action-movie amounts of bullets. The Oregon Trail is this nation’s longest graveyard. Marcus Whitman (1802-1847) Narcissa Whitman (1808-1847). The longest trip taken by a Mormon wagon train was Brigham Young’s 1847 vanguard company. The Trail in California. Led by Jason Lee, its members joined a party headed by New England merchant Nathaniel Wyeth. We've all traveled the Oregon Trail, but have YOU ever traversed the Mormon Trail? Once a farmer cleared the land, built a cabin and a barn, and planted his crops, he still had a lot of chores that needed to be done each day. When they encountered the Imperial Sand Dunes, the men marched south into Mexico, then back north and west, crossing desert and … The Mormon religion was officially founded in 1830 when The Book of Mormon was published. Pioneer Neighbors However, cholera was one of the most common illnesses, spread by the huge number of travelers through contaminated drinking water. 5. History >> Westward Expansion The daily life of people living on the frontier was filled with hard work and difficulties. The Mormon Battalion crossed the Colorado River into what is now California on January 9 and 10, 1847, near Yuma. It’s estimated that there are an average of 10 graves for every 1.6 kilometers (1 mi) of the Oregon Trail. The Oregon Trail was an actual path. The scouts ended up chasing the Buffalo off the trail so the wagon train could continue. "So I climbed the fence hoping to be arrested. Over a 25 year span, up to 65,000 deaths occurred along the western overland emigrant trails. What life was like for the Mormon pioneers after entering the Salt Lake Valley. Like the other westward-bound emigrants, the Mormons settlers were hoping for a better life, and more importantly to them, religious freedom. Pioneer Facts, Westward Expansion Historical Facts, History of the California Gold Rush, Covered Wagons, Stagecoaches, Cowboys of the Old West, Gunslingers of the Old West, Cowgirls of the Old West, Famous Western Trails, the Homestead Act, Pioneer Life, the Pony Express, the Railroads of the Old West, and Wagon Trains of the Old West. It is an official National Historic Trail, and there are many spots along the way where you can hike on the Mormon Pioneer Trail. The trail was not a narrow path, but a corridor, depending on the river, available grass, the terrain, events of the year and other factors. 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